While selecting and specifying cladding systems for high-end commercial and institutional buildings you will find than architectural designers will have many choices regarding it.
Along with other different scopes, there are many factors that influence and ultimately determine the specification and honeycomb stone cladding design, including, among others: aesthetics, budget, code compliance, sustainability, structural support, climate zone, building height, performance, lead time, etc.
Aesthetics: In terms of material, color, texture, and aesthetics the owners, developers, and architects have many options. You can fabricate the lightweight honeycomb-backed panels with virtually any stone selection including limestone, marble, sandstone, travertine, granite, onyx, and most other quarried stones, in panels up to 4′ x 8′.
There can be different finishes for the selected stones including rough or fine water jet, honed, polished, and other custom finishes. For specific projects there are some fabricators of lightweight stone panels that fabricate facade systems according to approved shop drawings and may include returns of up to 8″, giving the impression of colossal stone carving.
Sustainability: There are many institutional buildings that are designed to meet LEED certification or other sustainable design & construction standards. As there are many sustainability parameters and thermal efficiency but here we focus solely on LEED points: For the following credits there are some lightweight stone cladding systems that contribute points: Resources and Materials Credit Building Product Disclosure and Optimization – Sourcing of Raw Materials (recycled content criteria of this credit); Materials and Resources Credit Building Product Disclosure and Optimization – Material Ingredients.
Performance and climate zone: All over the country there are different regions that have different climate patterns and consequently, different thermal insulation requirements. Additionally, there are many countries, states and cities that have adopted green and/or sustainable building codes, few of which include continuous insulation (ci) requirements.
As castle stone on honeycomb cladding systems don’t have a significant thermal insulation value but they can be designed along with a wide array of insulation systems, including commercially available continuous insulation solutions that meet the most stringent thermal efficiency code requirements.